How To Plan A Residential Lawn And Garden Sprinkler System

To install an effective sprinkler system for your residential yard, you will need to make a detailed plan and create a plan drawing. This customized plan and drawing can help you to decide where to install different sprinkler heads to adequately water all areas of your property and not waste any water. Here is a method to create a detailed plan and a plan drawing for the installation of a lawn and garden sprinkler system for your home: 

  • Measure Your Home and Yard - Begin by taking accurate measurements of your home, garage, lawn, yard, and other property features. Measure the size of each of these features and how far they are from your property boundaries. Measure all aspects of your property including all trees, planted areas, walkways, outbuildings, and other components.
  • Create a Plan Drawing - Once you have accurate measurements, you can create a plan drawing. It is easiest to work on graph paper that is already divided into equal squares. Indicate on your plan drawing where each feature of your residential property is located. Include the size and shape of your house, lawn, trees, patio, pool, planted and unplanted areas, fences, gates and all other property components. 
  • Know Your Sprinkler Heads - Sprinkler heads are distinguished by the various spray patterns in which they spray water. These spray patterns range from full circle, half circle, quarter circle, one-third circle, one-fifth circle, and three-quarter circle distribution arrays. Sprinkler heads are also distinguished by how far they can spray (or "throw") water. The most common spray throws covered by residential sprinkler heads include an 8-foot radius, a 10-foot radius, a 12-foot radius, and a 15-foot radius. Longer spray throws are available in commercial sprinkler heads but they require more water pressure than is usually available for most residential properties. 
  • Plan Your Sprinkler Head Coverage - On your drawing, plot the location of each sprinkler head that you wish to install. Plan for your sprinkler head throws to overlap their spray coverage by approximately 50 percent to make sure that all corners and parts of your yard get adequately irrigated. Divide your planned sprinkler heads into group sections with separate control valves so that you can water different parts of your lawn and garden at different times. This is most effective when you have a mixture of different trees and plants that require varying amounts of water. 
  • Plan Your Sprinkler Pipe Layout Pattern - With your sprinkler heads plotted on your plan drawing, you can now calculate the route, direction, and amount of underground water pipes that you will need for your sprinkler installation and where to install your control valves for each section. Call your local gas and electric utility companies to identify any buried utility lines on or around your property so that you can avoid them when digging and installing sprinkler pipes. Also, call your local water company to find out the water pressure capacity of your water system. This information will help you to group your sprinkler heads in different watering sections. 

Now that you have a detailed installation plan and plan drawing, you can proceed to install your sprinkler system. You can do the work yourself or call a professional sprinkler installation company to do the actual digging and installation of your system. If you decide to call a professional sprinkler installation company, you will be totally prepared to explain the project to them in minute detail. With all of your planning and research, you can be assured of getting the perfect custom sprinkler system for your residence. Contact a business, such as Rainscape Inc, for more information.